The Ambiguity of Punk Women ‘Masculinity’ in Kuehnert’s I Wanna Be Your Joey Ramone and Castellucci’s Beige Novel

  • Ellita Permata Widjayanti Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Tarascania Audina Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Andrian Santosa Universitas Negeri Jakarta
Keywords: women, hegemony, masculinity, ambiguity, punk


Punk constitutes a subculture that is perceived as an androgyny community in which there is no clear difference between men and women. However, this androgyny matter is questioned by the sexism that occurred through hegemonic masculinity. This study aims to see how the femininity of punk women intertwined with the hegemonic masculinity and to see the resistance to the hegemony in Kuehnert's I Want to Be Your Joey Ramone and Castellucci's Beige novel. The method used is descriptive analysis with the theory of hegemony masculinity. The results of this study indicate that hegemonic masculinity in punk is constructed through social structure and rock music. The resistance of women gets a rejection from both punk men and women themselves. The masculinity of punk women then raises the ambiguity of their position and role in the community.


Download data is not yet available.


Metrics Loading ...


Batt, A. (2014). Bubblegum Girls Need Not Apply: Deviant Women the Punk Scene. The Undergraduate Journal of the Athena Center for Leadership Studies at Barnard College, 2(1), 52 – 62. Retrieved from

Berkers, P. (2012). Rock against gender roles: Performing femininities and doing feminism among women punk performers in the Netherlands, 1976-1982. Journal of Popular Music Studies, 24(2). 156-174.

Beynon, J. (2002). Masculinities and Culture. Buckingham and Philadelphia: Open University Press.

Bodansky, R. L. (2013). “Rebel Girls: Feminist Punk for a new generation”. Senior Theses Paper 199. Retrieved from

Butler, J. (1990). Gender Trouble: Feminism and the Subversion of Identity. New York: Routledge.

Castellucci, C. (2007). Beige. USA: Candlewick.

Connell, R. (2013). The Social Organization of Masculinity. In Local and Global Theory Perspective Reader, 3rd edition. New York and London: Routledge.

Errickson, A. (1999). A Detailed Journey into the Punk Subculture: Punk Outreach in Public Libraries. University of North Carolina: Chapel Hill.

Firmansyah, F. (2013). Persepsi Masyarakat Terhadap Musik Punk. Journal of Urban Society’s Arts, 13(1), 61-71. Retrieved from

Griffin, N. (2012). Gendered Performance Performing Gender in the DIY Punk and Hardcore Music Scene. 2012. Journal of International Women's Studies, 13(3). 65-81. Retrieved from

Hanscomb, S. (2011). Do it Yourself: Existentialism as Punk Philosophy. University of Glasgow. Retrieved from

Hebdige, D. (2002). Subculture; The Meaning of Style. London and New York: Routledge.

Huber, J. L. (2010). Singing it out: Riot Grrrls, Lilith Fair, and feminism. Kaleidoscope: A Graduate Journal of Qualitative Communication Research, 9(5), 65-90. Retreived from

Jokinen, J. F. (2014). We’re Punk Rockers, Brick Chuckers, Finger Fuckers”: Masculinities in John King’s Human Punk. Master Thesis in University of Eastern Finland. Retrieved from

Kuehnert, S. (2008). I Wanna Be Your Joey Ramone. USA: MTV Books.

Moore, R. (2004). Postmodernism and Punk Subculture: Cultures of Authenticity and Deconstruction. The Communication Review, 7. 305–327.

Moran, I. P. (2011). Punk: The Do-It-Yourself Subculture. Social Science Journal, 10(1). Retrieved from

Nicholas, L. (2007). Approaches to gender, power and authority in contemporary anarcho-punk: poststructuralist anarchism?. eSharp Issue 9. Retrieved from

Paechter, C. (2006). Masculine Femininities/Feminine Masculinities Power, Identities And Gender. Gender and Education, 18(3). 253‐263. Retrieved from

Prinz, J. (2014). The Aesthetic of Punk Rock. Philosophy Compass.

Schippers, M. (2007) Recovering the feminine other: masculinity, femininity, and gender Hegemony.

Setyanto, D. W. (2015). Makna dan Ideologi Punk. Andharupa: Jurnal Desain Komunikasi Visual & Multimedia, 1(2).

Sokol, R. (n.d.) Subbacultcha:” Gender Roles in the Punk Subculture. Final Research Project: Unobtrusive Method/Content Analysis. Retrieved from

Wilson, A. (2004). After The Riot: Taking New Feminist Youth Subcultures Seriously. A thesis submitted to McGill University. Retrieved from

Wright, L. (2016). Do-it-yourself girl power: An examination of the Riot Grrrl subculture. James Madison Undergraduate Research Journal, 3(1), 52-56. Retrieved from

How to Cite
Widjayanti, E. P., Audina, T., & Santosa, A. (2020). The Ambiguity of Punk Women ‘Masculinity’ in Kuehnert’s I Wanna Be Your Joey Ramone and Castellucci’s Beige Novel. Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 7(1), 136-148.
Regular Articles – Literature