Investigation of Adjuncts Use in J. F. Kennedy’s Speech for the Members of Congress and Diplomatic Corps of Latin America on 13 March 1961
This descriptive qualitative study investigates the types of adjuncts use in a spoken language grammar of J. F. Kennedy’s speech on 13 March 1961. Further, the study does examine the occurrence of each adjunct used in the recording. As it is described, adjuncts are an optional or structurally dispensable part of a sentence, clause, or phrase, when omitted, will not affect the remainder of the sentence being an element of clause structure with an adverbial function. In this current study, the researcher listed fourteen groups of adjuncts in the recording. The theory used to examine this study is stated in Carter & McCarthy’s (2006). The result conveys that the total numbers of adjuncts used in the speech are 75 adjuncts. In which adjuncts of place become the most frequent adjuncts in the speech. Next, focusing adjuncts be the most frequent number two with 14 total occurrences. The data show modal adjuncts could not be identified in the recording.
Bayu Pratama, I. G. P., Susini, N. M., & Gede Suarjaya, A. A. (2018). Forms and Meanings of Adjuncts in James’ Fifty Shades of Freed. KULTURISTIK: Jurnal Bahasa Dan Budaya, 2(2), 162–174. https://doi.org/10.22225/kulturistik.2.2.753
Bieber, D., Johansson, S., Leech, G., Conrad, S. & Finegan, E. (1999). Longman Grammar of Spoken and Written English. Longman.
Borjars, K. & Burridge, K. (2010). Introducing English Grammar (2nd Ed). Hodder Education.
Carter, R. P., & McCarthy, M. (2006). Cambridge grammar of English: A comprehensive guide. Cambridge University Press.
Chomsky, N. (2002). On Nature and Language (A. Belletti & L. Rizzi (eds.)). Cambridge University Press. https://doi.org/10.1017/CBO9780511613876
Dhena, Y. (2016). Analysis of Manner Adjuncts Found in the Novel The Little Drummer Girl by John Le Carre. Fakultas Sastra Dan Budaya Unud, 14, 88–95.
Fraenkel, J. R., & Wallen, N. E. (1993). How to design and evaluate research in education. 2nd Edition. McGraw-Hill Inc.
Gay, L. R., Mills, G., & Airasian, P. W. (2011). Educational Research. PEARSON.
Halliday, M. A. K. & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2004). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Arnold.
Halliday, M. A. K. & Matthiessen, C. M. I. M. (2014). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Routledge.
Halliday, M. A. K. (1985). An Introduction to Functional Grammar. Elward Arnold Publishers Ltd.
Hasselgård, H. (2010). Adjunct Adverbials in English. Cambridge University Press.
Ibrahim, W. J. (2008). The Characteristics of English linking adverbial. Journal of the College of Languages, 18, 8–23. http://search.emarefa.net/detail/BIM-335755
Ojetunde, C. F., & Okanlawon, B. (2012). An Investigation of Adjuncts in the English of Students in Selected Tertiary Institutions in Nigeria. European Scientific Journal, ESJ, 8(25). http://www.eujournal.org/index.php/esj/article/view/544
Putra, I G. B. W. N., & Sulatra, I. K. (2016). An Analysis of Time Adjuncts in Harry Potter and Prisoner of Azkaban. Prosiding Prasasti. https://jurnal.uns.ac.id/prosidingprasasti/article/view/1546
Quirk, R., Greenbaum, S., Leech, G., Svartvik, J. A. (1985). Comprehensive Grammar of the English Language. Longman.
Copyright (c) 2020 Mercya Christ Sita Dewi
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
By submitting the manuscript of the article, the authors agree with this policy with no specific document sign-off required.
The authors certify that:
- if the manuscript is co-authored, they are authorized by their co-authors to enter into these arrangements.
- the work described has not been formally published before in a registered ISSN or ISBN media, except in the form of an abstract or as part of a published lecture, review, or thesis.
- it is not under consideration for publication elsewhere,
- its publication has been approved by all the author(s) and by the responsible authorities – tacitly or explicitly – of the institutes where the work has been carried out.
- they secure the right to reproduce any material that has already been published or copyrighted elsewhere (it does not infringe the rights of others).
- they agree to Ethical Lingua license and copyright agreement.
All articles published by Ethical Lingua are licensed under Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-ShareAlike 4.0 International License.
License and Copyright Agreement
- Authors retain copyright and other proprietary rights related to the article.
- Authors retain the right and are permitted to use the substance of the article in own future works, including lectures and books.
- Authors grant the journal right of first publication with the work simultaneously licensed under Creative Commons Attribution License (CC BY-NC-SA 4.0) that allows others to share the work with an acknowledgement of the work's authorship and initial publication in Ethical Lingua.
- Authors are able to enter into separate, additional contractual arrangements for the non-exclusive distribution of the journal's published version of the work (e.g., post it to an institutional repository or publish it in a book), with an acknowledgement of its initial publication in Ethical Lingua.
- Authors are permitted and encouraged to post or self-archive their work online (e.g., in institutional repositories or on their website) prior to and during the submission process, as it can lead to productive exchanges, as well as earlier and greater citation of published work.