Mood Variation of Clauses on Jokowi’s Speech

  • Adi Manggala Saputro Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Duwi Handayani Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
  • Malikatul Laila Universitas Muhammadiyah Surakarta, Indonesia
Keywords: Jokowi's speech, expressive utterance, mood


The aims of this study are:(1) to identify the intention of Jokowi’s expression during his speech in front of audiences from various representative states and (2) to describe Jokowi’s utterances seen from mood variation in the perspective of   SFL. This study is in the domain of descriptive and qualitative. The primary data are taken from Youtube about Jokowi’s speech at APEC ON PEC CEO SUMMIT 2014. The secondary data covers the social backgrounds and personality of Jokowi. The data analysis is carried out by applying SFL theory of Pragmatics and Discourse. The result of this study shows that the function of Jokowi’s expression is systematized as  in mood variation. From the data of clauses showing expressive utterance, it can be explained that the characteristics of Jokowi’s utterances reflect his personality based on the context of utterances. Moreover, based on mood variation, the use of finite can be seen from Auxillary, pronoun, and modality. These components explain Jokowi’s joys and thanks to the audience.


Download data is not yet available.


Abdulrahman Almurashi, W. (2016). An Introduction to Halliday’s Systemic Functional Linguistics. Journal for the Study of English Linguistics, 4(1), 70.

Adenike, M., & Olusanya, M. (2014). Mood and Modality in Christian Magazines: A Systemic Functional Analysis of Christian Women Mirror. International Journal of Humanities and Social Science, 4(14), 138–149.

Aijmer, K. (2014). Modality and Mood in Functional Linguistic Approaches. The Oxford Handbook of Modality and Mood, January, 495–513.

An analysis of prison system in india. (2018). 75–109.

Bach, K. (2008). Speech Acts and Pragmatics. The Blackwell Guide to the Philosophy of Language, December, 147–167.

Banks, D. (2002). Systemic Functional Linguistics as a model for text analysis. ASp, 35–36, 23–34.

Bruno, L. (2019). 済無No Title No Title. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Chapter 1. מאימתי. (2013). The Jerusalem Talmud,First Order: Zeraim, Tractate Berakhot.

Eggins, S. (n.d.). An Introduction to Systemic Functional Linguistics 2nd Edition.

Ekpe, S. (n.d.). Grammar , Applied Linguistics and Society : a Festschrift for.

Fanani, A., Setiawan, S., Purwati, O., Maisarah, M., & Qoyyimah, U. (2020). Donald Trump’s grammar of persuasion in his speech. Heliyon, 6(1), e03082.

Guiraud, N., Longin, D., Lorini, E., Pesty, S., & Rivière, J. (2011). The face of emotions: A logical formalization of expressive speech acts. 10th International Conference on Autonomous Agents and Multiagent Systems 2011, AAMAS 2011, 2(Aamas), 969–976.

Hancock, B. (2006). An Introduction to Qualitative Research Au t hors. Qualitative Research, 4th, 504.

Hidayat, A. (2016). Speech Acts: Force behind Words. English Education: Jurnal Tadris Bahasa Inggris, 9(1), 1–12.

Hoff, M. (2019). Epistemic commitment and mood alternation: A semantic-pragmatic analysis of Spanish future-framed adverbials. Journal of Pragmatics, 139, 97–108.

Hulu, F. (2019). International Journal of Systemic Functional Linguistics Interpersonal Function in Martin Luther King Jr ’ s Speech. 2(1), 2–5.

Khomutova, T. N. (2014). Mood and Modality in Modern English. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 154(October), 395–401.

Kreidler, C. W. (2013). Introducing English semantics, second edition. In Introducing English Semantics, Second Edition.

Levinson, S. C., & Syntax, P. H. M. (n.d.). lEV 0 ... _ 3.

Musii, R. S., & Stasyuk, H. B. (2002). Thermoelastic state of a hollow conducting cylinder under the action of quasistationary radio-wave pulses. In Materials Science (Vol. 38, Issue 3).

Noor, M. (2016). Systemic Functional Linguistics Mood Analysis of the Last Address of the Holy Prophet (PBUH). International Journal of Language and Linguistics, 4(1), 1.

Meaning Modals: An Inquiry Into The Semantic Content Of Some English Modals, 8 Ghana Journal of Linguistics 81 (2019).

Oliver, J. (2013). 済無No Title No Title. Journal of Chemical Information and Modeling, 53(9), 1689–1699.

Palmer, F. R. (2014). The English Verb. In The English Verb.

Pragmatics By George Yule.Pdf. (n.d.).

Senjawati, D. (2016). Transitivity Analysis of Tenth Grade Students’ Recount Texts. Journal of English and Education, 4(1), 1–22.

Thesis Journal Transitivity Analysis on William B Uttler Yeats ’ Short Story “ Where There Is Nothing , There Is God .” (n.d.).

Weisler, S., & Lyons, J. (1979). Semantics. In The Modern Language Journal (Vol. 63, Issue 7).

Yuliana, D., & Imperiani, E. D. A. (2017). The realization of interpersonal meaning in course newsletters: A systemic functional linguistic perspective. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 7(1), 181–188.

How to Cite
Saputro, A. M., Handayani, D., & Laila, M. (2021). Mood Variation of Clauses on Jokowi’s Speech. Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 8(1), 74-79. Retrieved from
Regular Articles – Linguistics