Linguistics Politeness in Reinforcing Character During Learning Activities

Keywords: character education, learning activity, politeness


Character education is an effort that is designed and carried out systematically to help students understand the values ​​of human behavior. The current research aimed at: (1) investigating the formation of politeness in the language of learning interactions between teachers and students, (2) analyzing the application of politeness principles as a part in the implementation of character education. The current research applied the descriptive qualitative method. The subjects of this study were 21 students of XI-class and an EFL teacher at SMK Dirgantara Makassar in the learning activity. The data was collected by using the recording technique and note taking. After the data was collected, the researchers analyzed the data by applying the conversation analysis with three concepts, namely data reduction, data display, and conclusion drawing or verifications. The result of data analysis found that convey messages properly required using politeness ways. Secondly, in carrying the learning process, teachers should be based on the rules and procedures for polite delivery content, language, and manners. Finally, the conclusions remarks stated that the application of politeness is one of the main factors to achieve character education. This is evidenced by the students’ habit in daily communicating politely after the linguistics politeness was applied in learning activities.


Download data is not yet available.

Author Biographies

Nashruddin Nashruddin, STKIP Muhammadiyah Barru

Nashruddin was born on July 3rd 1981 in Masewali, currently is a lecturer at English Education Study Program in STKIP Muhammadiyah Barru. His Sinta ID is 6659747 and Scopus ID is 57204543841/

Liqaa Habeb Al-Obaydi, University of Diyala

Liqaa Habeb Aboud Al-Obaydi, Ph.D. is an Instructor Doctor at English Department, University of Diyala, Iraq.
She finished her BSc in English language at University of Diyala in 2003-2004, Master degree in Methods of Teaching English as a Second or Foreign Language at University of Diyala, and Ph.D. In Methods of English Language Teaching at University of Baghdad.
Mobile: 07903244208


Alston, P. W. (1964). Philosophy of Language. London: Prentice Hall Inc.

Aridah. (2013). Politeness Phenomena as a Source of Pragmatic Failure in English as a Second Language. TEFLIN Journal, 24(1).

Babaee, R., & Yahya, W. R. B. W. (2014). Significance of Literature in Foreign Language Teaching. International Education Studies, 7(4), 80-85.

Bell, R. T. (1981). An Introduction to Applied Linguistics. London: B.T. Batsford Ltd.

Breen, M., & Candlin, C. (1987). Which materials? A consumers’ and designers’ guide. In L. Sheldon (Ed.), ELT Textbooks and Materials: Problems in Evaluation and Development (ELT Documents). London: Modern English Publications.

Brown, P., & Yule, G. (1983). Discourse Analysis. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.

Geyer, N. (2008). Discourse and Politeness. New York: Continuum International Publishing Group.

Haryanto, H., Weda, S., & Nashruddin, N. (2018). Politeness principle and its implication in EFL classroom in Indonesia. XLinguae European Scientific Language Journal, 11(4), 90-112. doi: 10.18355/XL.2018.11.04.09

Jungert, T., Alm, F., & Thornberg, R. (2014). Motives for becoming a teacher and their relations to academic engagement and dropout among student teachers. Journal of Education for Teaching, 40(2), 173–185. doi: 10.1080/02607476.2013.869971

Katz, A. N., Cacciari, C., Gibbs Jr, R. W., & Turner, M. (1998). Figurative language and thought. Oxford: Oxford University Press.

Lakoff, R. (1973). The Logic of Politeness: or, Minding your p’s and q’s. In C. Corum, T. C. Smith-Stark & A. Weiser (Eds.), Papers from the Ninth Regional Meeting of the Chicago Linguistic Society (pp. 345–356). Chicago: Chicago Linguistic Society.

Lambert, W. E. (1972). Attitudes and Motivation in Second Language Learning. New York: Newbury House.

Leech, G. (1983). Principles of Pragmatics. New York: Longman Inc.

Leslie, J. (2013). Effective vs ineffective teachers educating our children. United States of America: Arkansas State University.

Levinson, S. C. (1983). Pragmatics. Great Britain: Cambridge University Press.

Markley, T. (2011). Defining the effective teacher. from

Miles, M. B., & Huberman, A. M. (1994). Qualitative Data Analysis: An Expanded Sourcebook (2nd ed.). Thousand Oaks CA: Sage Publication.

Milsom, A., & McCormick, K. (2015). Evaluating an accountability mentoring approach for school counselors. Professional School Counseling, 19, 27–35.

Mirza, H. S. (2014). Decolonizing Higher Education: Black Feminism and the Intersectionality of Race and Gender Intersectionality of Race and Gender. Journal of Feminist Scholarship Journal of Feminist Scholarship, 7(7), 1-12.

Nashruddin, N., Alam, F. A., & Harun, A. (2020). Moral Values Found in Linguistic Politeness Patterns of Bugis Society. Edumaspul: Jurnal Pendidikan, 4(1), 132-141. doi:

Nashruddin, N., Ningtyas, P. R., & Ekamurti, N. (2018). INCREASING THE STUDENTS’MOTIVATION IN READING ENGLISH MATERIALS THROUGH TASK-BASED LEARNING (TBL) STRATEGY (A Classroom Action Research at the First Year Students of SMP Dirgantara Makassar). Scolae: Journal of Pedagogy, 1(1), 44-53.

Nuh, M. ( 2013). Peraturan Menteri Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan No 81 A. Jakarta: Kementerian Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan.

Peng, L., Xie, F., & Cai, L. (2014). A Case Study of College Teacher's Politeness Strategy in EFL Classroom. Theory and Practice in Language Studies, 4(1), 110-115.

Pitts, M. J., Fowler, C., Fisher, C. L., & Smith, S. A. (2013). Politeness Strategies in Imagined Conversation Openers About Eldercare. Journal of Language and Social Psychology, 33(1), 29-48. doi: 10.1177/0261927x13506708

Searle, J. R. (1980). Speech Acts An Essay in The Philosophy of Languange. Sidney: Cambridge Univerisy Press.

Strike, K. A., & Egan, K. (1978). Ethics and Educational Policy. London: Routledge & Kegan Paul Ltd.

Thornbury, S. (2012). Approach, Method and Strategy in TEFL. Retrieved November 13, 2016, from

How to Cite
Nashruddin, N., & Al-Obaydi, L. H. (2021). Linguistics Politeness in Reinforcing Character During Learning Activities . Ethical Lingua: Journal of Language Teaching and Literature, 8(1), 210-217. Retrieved from
Regular Articles – Language